How To Create Water Purification System At Home
With the world in its current state, it’s only natural to feel a bit unsettled from time to time.
We’re not here to scare you. We want to make sure that if an emergency situation ever comes up, you’re prepared and ready to face it with confidence.
The ability to purify water is an important skill for survivalists, outdoorsmen, and those interested in emergency preparedness.
But how do you make your own water purification system? Do water purification and water filtration systems differ in any way?
Water purification systems used to make water safe for drinking by removing all microorganisms from it.
Water filtration systems, on the other hand, are designee to remove only chemical contaminants from the water.
Sometimes it’s necessary to use a combination of both if you need to be able to make water safe for drinking in an emergency situation or if you’re planning on traveling somewhere where your drinking supply isn’t guaranteed.
You can use different materials to filter liquids. For instance, most coffee filters are fabricate from paper and are accustom filter dregs out of your drink. Sometimes these filters include several layers of filtering material. The primary layer removes larger particles from a liquid, while each additional layer removes smaller ones. If you have got over one filter available, you’ll be able to use them together for added filtration power. To do so, just place one on top of another and pour your liquid through them both at once.
The other simplest form of filtration is employing a cloth during which water can run through. The material should have a really tight weave so as to filter finer particles.
On the other hand, if a cloth with a tighter weave is unavailable, any cloth will do as long as it is fold in multiple layers to assist filter smaller particles.
Boiling and Chlorinating Water
Boiling water is pretty straightforward, but you should keep a couple of things in mind. First, boiling water kills bacteria and other contaminants, but doesn’t make it safe to drink.
Water still has to purified of any impurities (like heavy metals or chemicals). Second, be careful—the steam coming off of the boiling water can burn you. And third, store your boiled water in clean containers.
Let’s put it into detail.
It said that boiling can destroy organisms in water by pushing them to a heat range of 212 °F or 100 °C. This heat range can eliminate most types of organisms aside from bacteria.
Boiling can eliminate the majority varieties of harmful bacteria present in water because most bacteria cannot survive in hot temperatures. Additionally, boiling is best than the other method of purification since no chemicals added to the water. On the other hand, a person should have a source of fire starter so the water may be dropping at a boiling point.
Treating Water Chemically
Some of the foremost common chemicals used for treating water include iodine, sodium chlorite/chlorine dioxide, permanganate, and chlor-floc.
Iodine Crystals – Now after you think about iodine, you would possibly picture a bottle of brownish liquid with a skull and crossbones thereon. However, most people do not know that iodine crystals can used to purify water.
The most effective thing about this method is that your water will taste sort of a strong cup of coffee, which I personally think is great.
The process is simple: dissolve the iodine crystals in water (one teaspoon per liter) and add them to the water you wish to purify at a rate of 5 drops per gallon. After letting the water indicate half-hour, it’ll be able to drink.
However, some people must not use this method for treating their drinks because it could cause health complications. People with thyroid problems or pregnant women must not use iodine for purifying their potable.
Sodium Chlorite/Chlorine Dioxide – These tablets disinfect water with chlorination. Sodium chlorite produces a whitener that permits it to treat water. Chlorination is often a technique utilized in municipal water systems around the world to disinfect water.
This is because chlorine is in a position to destroy the cell walls of bacteria or viruses; thus, eliminating the organism. The likelihood of causing damage to one’s health is low when drinking chlorinated water. Humans have a fast way of neutralizing chlorine, which makes it safe for the channel to square chlorine concentrations.
It is best to add a sodium chlorite/chlorine dioxide tablet to a quart of water, then let the mixture stand for a minimum of 4 hours.
By shaking the container, you’ll help dissolve the tablet more quickly and distribute the chemicals more thoroughly in the water.
The mixture may have a slight chlorine or bleach taste. The advantage of using these tablets is the simplicity of the method.
A person would only add them and expect a selected time when it can already be drinkable.
However, the downside is having to wait quite a while before the mixture used.
Potassium Permanganate – This chemical is often purchased commercially often in hardware stores. It’s being sold as a softener for water and is obtainable in powder and pill forms. There are various uses of this substance. Aside from its use in purifying water, it can also be used for starting a fire.
So as to treat a quart of water, one can use 3 to 4 crystals, which is resembling 1 gram per liter.
How about Getting Water From Plants
Water from plants is not the best way to purify water. The plants themselves may be contaminated with pathogens, and there are usually more efficient ways of getting clean water. Nevertheless, it’s still an option when you have little else to work with.
A few of the plants frequently used for this purpose include cactus fruits and coconuts. You can suck out the coconut water through a hole in one end or cut off the top and drink it directly. If you choose to drink cactus water, make sure that you’re drinking from a prickly pear or barrel cactus instead of a hedgehog or cholla, which are not edible. To learn how to identify edible cacti, read here.
Before drinking these directly from your plant sources, make sure that they’re clean by following these steps:
Collect the sap in a container if possible, such as a cup or bottle.
Heat up the sap using any method mentioned in Filtering Water, if possible (direct sunlight).
Leave it out at room temperature for several hours before consuming (at least 6 hours but preferably 24 hours).